Mucormycosis The Black Fungus

1. What is mucormycosis?

Answer: Mucormycosis, formerly known as zygomycosis, is the disease caused by the many fungi that belong to the fungal family “Mucorales”. Fungi in this family are usually found in the environment (for example, in soil) and often associated with decaying organic material such as fruit and vegetables.

2. Who is at risk of Mucormycosis?

Answer: Mucormycosis is rare, but it’s more common among people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness. Certain groups of people are more likely to get mucormycosis, including people with:

  • Diabetes, especially with diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Cancer
  • Organ transplant
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Neutropenia (low number of white blood cells)
  • Long-term corticosteroid use
  • Injection drug use
  • Too much iron in the body (iron overload or hemochromatosis)
  • Skin injury due to surgery, burns, or wounds
  • Prematurity and low birthweight (for neonatal gastrointestinal mucormycosis)

3. How does someone get mucormycosis?

Answer: People get mucormycosis through contact with fungal spores in the environment. For example, the lung or sinus forms of the infection can occur after someone inhales the spores from the air. A skin infection can occur after the fungus enters the skin through a scrape, burn, or other type of skin injury.

4. Is mucormycosis contagious?

Answer: No. Mucormycosis can’t spread between people or between people and animals.

5. What are Major Symptoms of Mucormycosis?

  • fever
  • headache
  • reddish and swollen skin over nose and sinuses
  • dark scabbing in the nose by eye(s)
  • visual problems
  • eye(s) swelling
  • facial pain
  • coughing sometimes with bloody or dark fluid production
  • shortness of breath
  • diffuse abdominal pain
  • bloody and sometimes dark vomitus
  • abdominal distension
  • flank pain
  • an ulcer with a dark center and sharply defined edges
  • mental-status changes may occur

6. Who else is at risk?

Answer: Patients within six weeks of COVID treatment are at the highest risk of black fungus, said senior neurosurgeon at AIIMS. The fungal infection, which is caused by exposure to mucor mould that is commonly found in soil, plants, manure, and decaying fruits and vegetables, affects the brain, lungs, and sinuses and can be lethal to those suffering from diabetes and having compromised immune systems such as cancer patients or people with HIV/AIDS.

7. Can mucormycosis happen to healthy person?

Answer: Mucormycosis can spread through the air. It won’t cause any problem if a person is healthy. Mucor may enter into lungs but the chances are very low Our body is capable to fight it if the immunity is strong

8. Is it possible to prevent a mucormycosis infection?

Answer: Mucormycosis isn’t contagious, so you can’t get it from an infected person. Self-care measures are the best way to prevent this type of infection. If you have a weakened immune system, it’s important to keep yourself safe outdoors. Wearing a mask while doing yardwork and bandaging all wounds until they heal will help prevent fungal infections

9. Can mucormycosis cause other conditions to develop?

Answer: Mucormycosis is particularly dangerous because it spreads quickly throughout the body. Left untreated, the infection can spread to the lungs or the brain. This can cause:

  • a brain infection
  • paralysis
  • pneumonia
  • seizures
  • death

10. How is mucormycosis diagnosed?

Answer: People who have mucormycosis often don’t know they have it. You may get diagnosed with the condition upon going to the doctor for a lung, sinus, or skin infection. You should see your doctor for any type of suspected infection.

Mucormycosis is diagnosed by looking at a tissue sample in the lab. Your doctor may collect a sample of phlegm or nasal discharge if you have a suspected sinus infection. In the case of a skin infection, your doctor may also clean the wounded area in question.

11. Can black fungus be treated at home?

Answer: No. The Health Minister added that the medicines to treat the infection cannot be purchased from medical stores as this cannot be treated at home

12. Why are black fungus infections increasing?

Answer: The rise in black fungus infections, mostly in patients who had severe cases of Covid-19, has been linked to an overuse of steroids in the treatment of the coronavirus, which can acutely compromise the immune system if taken over a prolonged period

13. Does steroids cause black fungus?

Answer: Steroids reduce inflammation in the lungs, but also reduce immunity and increase blood sugar levels in both diabetics and non-diabetic Covid patients. This is leading to an explosion in the number of black fungus cases.

14. How do you get rid of mucormycosis?

Answer: Treatment for mucormycosis will include antifungal medications. Antifungal medications inhibit the growth of and destroy fungal infections and are essential in controlling the spread of infection. The most commonly used medication is called amphotericin B

15. Who treats mucormycosis?

Answer: Infectious disease consultation is warranted for management of antifungal therapy and coordination of medical care. Surgical specialty consultations depend on the location of disease, as follows: Otolaryngology (ENT) consultation and neurosurgery consultation for rhinocerebral mucormycosis

16. How is mucormycosis diagnosed?

Answer: Medical professionals diagnose mucormycosis with a medical history and physical exam. They may also take fluid or tissue samples send them to a lab. Other tests may include CT scan or MRI. There are no specific blood tests to detect mucormycosis

17. Can CT scan detect mucormycosis?

Answer: CT and MRI shows a spectrum of findings in rhinocerebral mucormycosis. Imaging plays a major role in assessing the extent of involvement and complications.

18. What does mucormycosis do to the body?

Answer: Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness. It most commonly affects the sinuses or the lungs after inhaling fungal spores from the air. It can also occur on the skin after a cut, burn, or other type of skin injury

Disclaimer:

The information on this post is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, images and information, contained in this post is for general information purposes only. Kindly consult to the doctor before making any medical decision. This post is collective information from various informative articles, posts and websites. We are thankful to all of those. This efforts are for spreading awareness about the Mucormycosis among the people in more organized way.

FAQs about Mucormycosis-The Black Fungus

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap